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Home » Research » Full Journal Articles » "Don't worry, I'm not going to report you": Education for citizenship in Singapore. - Appendices & References

"Don't worry, I'm not going to report you": Education for citizenship in Singapore. - Appendices & References

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Article Index
"Don't worry, I'm not going to report you": Education for citizenship in Singapore.
Research Methods & Findings
Discussion and Conclusion
Appendices & References
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Appendix A

Interview Protocol

  1. Photo elicitation task

These are images representing various people, events or ideas from Singapore's history. Please select the pictures that would most accurately represent Singapore’s past, present and future to someone from another country.

Why did you choose these pictures? Why did you think that these were important?

Why did you omit these pictures?


  1. Interview questions:
  1. How would you describe yourself? What adjectives would you use?
  2. What does it mean to be a Singapore citizen? How important is being a Singapore citizen to you? Describe your sense of belonging to other Singaporeans.
  3. How frequently do you participate in activities that remind you of Singapore? Give examples of such activities, e.g. in school. What are your opinions of these activities?
  4. Describe the culture of Singapore. Do you think that it is possible for people who do not share Singaporean customs and traditions to become fully Singaporean? Why?
  5. What have you learnt about Singapore’s history and being a Singapore citizen in your social studies lessons?
  6. What aspects of Singapore’s past make you proud? What do you consider to be strengths and weaknesses of your country?
  7. What do you think Singapore will be like twenty years from now? What role do you see yourself playing in Singapore’s future?


Appendix B

Description of Photos in Photo Elicitation Task

  1. Sir Stamford Raffles establishing a British trading post in Singapore in 1819
  2. Immigrants to Singapore: Chinese and Straits Chinese
  3. Immigrants to Singapore: Indians
  4. Immigrants to Singapore: Malays from the Malay Archipelago
  5. Immigrants to Singapore: Europeans
  6. The British Surrender to the Japanese in 1942.
  7. Lim Bo Seng, a war hero
  8. Adnan bin Saidi, a war hero
  9. Elizabeth Choy, a war heroine

10.  The Japanese surrender in Singapore in 1945

11.  The Maria Hertogh racial riots, conflict between the Malays and Europeans 1950

12.  The Hock Lee Bus communist riots, May 1955

13.  David Marshall, the first Chief Minister and the Labour Front Party in 1955

14.  The first fully democratic election in Singapore in 1959

15.  The National Flag and Coat of Arms

16.  Lee Kuan Yew, the first Prime Minister of Singapore

17.  Zubir Said, the composer of Singapore’s national anthem, Majulah Singapura

18.  S.Rajaratnam, the first Foreign Minister and author of the national pledge

19.  Yusof bin Ishak, the first Malayan born Yang- di-Pertuan Negara and President

20.  The merger of Singapore and Malaya in 1963

21.  The separation of Singapore and Malaysia in 1965

22.  The Prophet Muhammad's birthday racial riots in 1964

23.  Goh Keng Swee, the first finance minister

24.  Ong Teng Cheong, the first Elected President of Singapore

25.  S.R. Nathan, the current Elected President of Singapore

26.  National Service

27.  Education in Singapore

28.  Public housing in Singapore – Housing Development Board (HDB) flats

29.  Singapore’s financial district

30.  Tourism in Singapore (The Esplanade)

Appendix C

Qualitative Survey Protocol

  1. Complete this sentence: I am ____________. Use as many descriptors and/or adjectives as possible. E.g. I am a teenager, student, basketball player etc.
  2. What does it mean to be a Singapore citizen? What are the characteristics, rights, duties/responsibilities and roles of a citizen of Singapore?
  3. Write a short narrative of Singapore’s history. What are the important events and themes of Singapore’s past?




This research was supported by a scholarship award from the National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. I wish to thank Margaret Crocco, William Gaudelli, and Anand Marri for their invaluable guidance and assistance. I am also indebted to Keith Barton, Jasmine Sim, and Theresa Alviar-Martin for their insightful comments. Lastly, I am grateful to the teachers and students who participated in this study.  



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